Safeguarding Traditional Cultures:
A Global Assessment of the 1989 UNESCO Recommendation
on the Safeguarding of Traditional Culture and Folklore

Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
Smithsonian Institution
Washington, DC

Preface
Acknowledgements
Contributors
UNESCO website

Table of Contents

I. Preliminaries

Message from Mr. Federico Mayor, Director-General of UNESCO

Opening Address to the Meeting
Mounir Bouchenaki

The 1989 Recommendation on the Safeguarding of Traditional Culture and Folklore

The 1989 Recommendation on the Safeguarding of Traditional Culture and Folklore: Actions Undertaken by UNESCO for Its Implementation
Noriko Aikawa

The UNESCO Questionnaire on the Application of the 1989 Recommendation on the Safeguarding of Traditional Culture and Folklore: Preliminary Results
Richard Kurin

Summary Report on the Regional Seminars
Anthony Seeger

A Historical Study on the Preparation of the 1989 Recommendation on the Safeguarding of Traditional Culture and Folklore
Samantha Sherkin

The 1989 Recommendation Ten Years On: Towards a Critical Analysis
Anthony McCann et al.:

II. Strategic Perspectives on Local Culture in Light of the 1989 Recommendation

Foundational Perspectives: Affirmations of the Indigenous in an Era of Globalization

The Globalization of Interculturality
Miguel Puwainchir

The Role of Education: Acculturation Back into the Future
Pualani Kanaka'ole Kanahele

Everything Relates, or a Holistic Approach to Aboriginal Indigenous Cultural Heritage
Robyn Bancroft

Taking Stock: The Gitxsan Experience in Cultural Survival
Russell Collier

American Indian Arts and Crafts: A Study on Handcrafts and the Industry
Andy Abeita

A Seed Is Not Shy of Germination
Rajeev Sethi.

Legal Perspectives and Local Traditions: Toward Legislative and Judicial Remedies

The 1989 UNESCO Recommendation and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples' Intellectual Property Rights
Preston Thomas

Protection of Traditional Culture and Folklore
Kamal Puri

Some Considerations on the Protection of the Intangible Heritage: Claims and Remedies
Lyndel V. Prott

Global Steps to Local Empowerment in the Next Millennium: An Assessment of UNESCO's 1989 Recommendation on the Safeguarding of Traditional Culture and Folklore
Bradford S. Simon

The Role of UNESCO in the Defense of Traditional Knowledge
Manuela Carneiro da Cunha

Safeguarding Traditional Culture and Folklore - Existing International Law and Future Developments
Janet Blake

Cultural Conservation: A Two-way Consultation
Grace Koch

Indigenous Arts, (Un)Titled
Tressa Berman.

Practical Perspectives: Local Traditions and Methods of Preservation

How to Promote Incentives for Cultural Heritage Practitioners
Junzo Kawada

Proposal for a Tripartite Theory (Transformation/Transcontextualization/Transposition) and Its Application to the Empowerment of an East Asian Court Music Network with Emphasis on the Vietnamese Case
Yamaguti Osamu

Tradition-Based Societies: Local Values for International Cooperation
Mihaly Hoppál

The SADC Databank: The Role of Data Exchange in Empowering Local Institutions
Renato Matusse

Preserving Bahamian Heritage
Gail Saunders

Aspects dynamiques des cultures sonores: transformation du métier du griot au Niger sous l'influence du modernisme
Mahaman Garba
Summary in English

Méthodes traditionnelles de transmission de l'oralité: l'exemple du Sosso-Bala
Namankoumba Kouyate
Summary in English

Place Jemaa El Fna: patrimoine oral de l'humanité
Rachid El Houda.
Summary in English

Regional Perspectives: Reports of UNESCO Regional Seminars

Report on the Pacific Regional Seminar
Sivia Tora

Safeguarding Traditional Culture and Folklore in Africa
J. H. Kwabena Nketia

Reporte seminario regional sobre la aplicación de la recomendación sobre la salvaguardia de la cultura tradicional y popular de America Latina y el Caribe
Zulma Yugar
Summary in English

Problems of Traditional Culture and Folklore in Europe
Heikki Kirkinen

Report from Yakutiya
Stepanida Borisova

Report of the Countries of Central Asia and the Caucasus
Kurshida Mambetova

Report on the Regional Seminar for Cultural Personnel in Asia and the Pacific
Florentino H. Hornedo

Cooperation to Save Human Characteristics and Guard Their Survival
Mohsen Shaalan

III. A Call for Action

Final Report of the Conference

Action Plan Approved by Conference Participants

edited and webbed by
Peter Seitel