Table of contents

Speakers List


Aguirre Beltrán, Gonzalo. Cuijla, esbozo etnográfico de un pueblo negro. México: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1958.

Bilby, Kenneth. "The Kromanti Dance of the Windward Maroons of Jamaica." Nienwe West-Indische Gids 55 (1/2), 1981.

_____."The Aluku and the Communes :   Problematic Policy of Assimilation in French Guiana." Cultural Survival Quarterly 13(3), 1989.

Campbell, Mavis C. The Maroons of Jamaica 1655-1796: A History of Resistance, Collaboration, and Betrayal. Granby, Massachusetts: Bergin and Garvey, 1988.

Coe, Charles H. Red Patriots: The Story of the Seminoles. Reprinted. Gainesville: University Presses of Florida, 1974.

"Colonial Treaty as Sacred Charter of the Jamaican Maroons." Ethnohistory 26, 1979.

Curtin, Philip D. The Atlantic Slave Trade. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1975.

de Friedemann, Nina S. Ma Ngombe: Guerreros y Ganaderos en Palenque, 2d ed. Bogotá: Carlos Valencia Editores, 1987.

Escalante, Aquiles. El Palenque de San Basilio: Una Comunidad de Descendientes de Negros Cimarrones, 2d ed. Bogotá: Ediciones Editorial Mejoras, 1979.

Gutiérrez Avila, Miguel Angel. Corrido y violencia entre los afromestizos de la Costa Chica de Guerrero y Oaxaca. Chilpancingo, Guerrero, México: Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero, 1988.

Hancock, Ian. " Preliminary Classification of the Anglophone Atlantic Creoles." in Pidgins and Creoles. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1987.

_____. The Texas Seminoles and Their Language. Austin, TX: published by the author, 1980.

Herskovits, Melville J. and Frances S. Herskovits. Rebel Destiny: Among the Bush Negroes of Dutch Guiana. New York: McGraw Hill, 1934.

Holm, John. Pidgins and Creoles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Hurault, Jean. Africains de Guyane: La Vie Matérielle et l'Art des Noirs Réfugiés de Guyane. Paris and The Hague: Mouton, 1970.

Jiménez Román, Miriam. The African Presence in the Americas: Tradition, Transformation and Change [exhibition catalogue]. New York: Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, 1991.

Klein, Herbert. African Slavery in Latin America and the Caribbean. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Kopytoff, Barbara. "Colonial Treaty as Sacred Charter of the Jamaican Maroons." Ethnohistory 26,1979.

_____. "The Development of Jamaican Maroon Ethnicity." Caribbean Ouarterly 22 (2/3), 1976.

Lenoir, J. D. "Suriname National Development and Maroon Cultural Autonomy." Social and Economic Studies 24, 1975.

Mahon, K. John. History of the Second Seminole War, 1835-1842. Gainesville : University of Florida Press, 1967.

McReynolds, C. Edwin. The Seminoles. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1957.

Mintz, Sidney W., and Richard Price. The Birth of African-American Culture. Boston: Beacon Press, 1992.

Moreno Fraginals, Manuel, ed. Africa in Latin America. Translated by Leonor Blum. Greenwich, London: Holmes & Meier Publishers, 1984.

Mulroy, Kevin. Freedom on The Border: The Seminole Maroons in Florida, the Indian Territory, Cohuila, and Texas. Lubbock, Texas: Texas Tech University Press, 1993.

Palmer, Colin. Slaves of the White God: Blacks in Mexico, 1570-1650. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1976.

_____. "The Cruelest Commerce." National Geographic 182, no. 3 (Sept.1992).

Pérez Fernández, Rolando Antonio. La música afromestiza mexicana. Xalapa, Veracruz, México: Editorial UV, 1990.

Porter, Kenneth W. "'Negroe Guides and Interpreters in the Early Stages of the Seminole War, December 28, 1835-March 6, 1837." Journal of Negro History 35, April 1950.

_____. The Negro on the American Frontier. New York: Arno Press and The New York Times, 1971.

Price, Richard. Maroon Societies: Rebel Slave Communities in the Americas, 2d ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979.

_____. Alabi's World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.

_____. First-Time: The Historical Vision of an Afro-American People. Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, 1983.

_____. The Guiana Maroons: A Historical and Bibliographical Introduction. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976.

Price, Sally. Co-Wives and Calabashes. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1984.

Price, Sally and Richard Price. Afro-American Arts of the Suriname Rain.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.

_____. Two Evenings in Saramaka. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Robinson, Carey. The Iron Thorn. Kingston: Kingston Publishers Limited, 1992.

Romaine, Suzanne. Pidgin and Creole Languages. London and New York: Longman, 1988.

Stedman, John Gabriel. Stedman's Surinam: Life in an Eighteenth-Century Slave Society, ed. Richard Price and Sally Price. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

Sturdevant, C. William. "Creek Into Seminole." in North American Indians in Historical Perspective, ed. Eleanor B. Leacock. New York: Ramdom House, 1971.

Thybony, Scott. "The Black Seminoles: A Tradition of Courage." Smithsonian Magazine 22(5), 1991.

Todd, Loreto. Modern Englishes: Pidgins and Creoles. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1984.

Wright, Muriel. "Seal of the Seminole Nation." Chronicles of Oklahoma 34 (Autumn 1956).



Drums of Defiance: Maroon Music from the Earliest Free Black Communities of Jamaica. Smithsonian Folkways Recordings 40412. Compact disc.

From Slavery to Freedom: Music of the Saramaka Maroons of Suriname. Lyrichord 7354. Compact disc.

Jamaican Ritual Music from the Mountains and Coast. Lyrichord 7394. Compact disc.

Music from Saramaka: A Dynamic Afro-American Tradition. Smithsonian Folkways Recordings 4225. Compact disc.

Musique Boni et Wayana de Guyane. Disques Vogue/ Musee de l'Homme 290. Audiocassette.

Smithsonian Folkways Recordings 40412. Compact disc.